Last Updated on February 5, 2023 by Neil Chase
Do you want to write a screenplay but don’t know where to start?
Save the Cat is one of the most popular screenwriting books in the world for a reason – it works!
This article will show you how to use Blake Snyder’s famous Save The Cat Beat Sheet framework to structure your screenplay and ensure it hits all the key story points.
Once you learn the basics of story beats and how to apply them to your next screenplay, you’ll be able to write creative and marketable scripts for a film. You’ll learn how to structure your story and create believable characters to keep your audience engaged until the end.
This article will give you a basic overview of a beat sheet and how to use the Blake Snyder beat sheet. We’ll also provide you with a free template that you can use to start outlining your own screenplay!
A story beat is a significant moment that advances the story. These beats can be big or small, but each one moves the story forward in some way.
Story beats often create conflict or tension, propelling the story forward and keeping readers engaged.
They can also introduce new characters or reveal important information about existing ones.
In short, story beats are the key ingredients that make up a good story. Without them, stories would be dull and predictable!
A beat sheet is a tool screenwriters use to outline the key plot points of their story.
Unlike a traditional outline, which chronologically lists the story’s events, a beat sheet highlights the most important scenes and dialogue beats. This allows the writer to focus on the characters and emotions driving the story rather than getting bogged down in the details.
While there is no set format for a beat sheet, most screenwriters find it helpful to divide their story into three acts: setup, conflict, and resolution. Each act is then further divided into a series of beats, with each beat representing a key plot point.
By outlining their story using beat sheets, screenwriters can ensure that their screenplay is focused and well-structured.
A beat sheet is a tool screenwriters use to outline a screenplay scene by scene. It helps to ensure that the story is appropriately structured and that each scene moves the story forward logically.
A beat sheet typically includes a brief description of each scene and the key plot points that need to be covered.
A beat sheet can be an invaluable tool for writers, as it ensures that all of the critical elements of the story are covered concisely and efficiently. In addition, a beat sheet can help to identify any potential plot holes or inconsistencies before they become an issue.
As such, beat sheets are an essential part of the screenwriting process.
The save the cat beat sheet is used by screenwriters to outline a story. It was developed by screenwriter Blake Snyder, who argued that all successful stories contain specific beats or key moments, that must be hit for the story to work.
The save the cat beat sheet lays out these fifteen beats in a specific order, helping writers structure their stories to engage and resonate with audiences.
While there is no one right way to write a story, the save the cat beat sheet can be a helpful tool for those struggling to get started or looking for guidance on crafting a successful screenplay.
A beat sheet is an essential tool for any writer, and we’re happy to offer a free beat sheet template to help you get started. This template contains everything you need to create a beat sheet for your screenplay.
Simply download the beat sheet template and start filling in the blanks. Once you’ve finished, you’ll have a clear overview of your story, and you can use the beat sheet to ensure that each scene is as powerful as it can be.
Download our free beat sheet template today and get started on your next great story!
15 Beat Sheet Steps and Story Beat Examples from Rocky
Let’s take the example of the movie Rocky. We’ll take a look at the Save the Cat examples from this famous movie!
The opening image beat is the first beat in the Save The Cat Beat Sheet framework. This first act beat sets up the story’s world and introduces the main character. It should be a visual, unforgettable scene that gives the audience a sense of who the protagonist is and what they’re fighting for.
The opening image beat is key to establishing your story’s world, indicating your theme, and making your audience care about your protagonist.
For example, in the film Rocky (1976), the opening image is that of a brutal boxing match taking place in a rundown church, with Rocky Balboa first taking punishment and then dishing it out after a cheap shot.
This immediately establishes Rocky as an underdog with more heart than skills, trying to make something of himself, despite his situation. The image of Christ’s serene face above the bloody fighters also hints at what this film is truly about – redemption and resurrection.
The set-up beat is the part of the story where we are introduced to the main character and their world. We learn about the hero’s life – their hopes and dreams, fears and flaws. We see them in their element before the story’s conflict or life-changing event comes along and shakes things up.
In a romance novel, this might be the scene where the heroine meets the hero for the first time. In a thriller, it might be the moment when the protagonist realizes that someone is following them.
The set-up beat is about setting the stage for what is to come. It’s about giving us only enough information to make us care about what happens next.
In Rocky, this beat is captured well as we follow Rocky from the opening fight through his rundown Philly neighborhood to his small apartment, where he lives alone.
He projects a carefree air with the people around him, but once alone, the veneer falls, and he’s left to confront his lifetime of failures against the dreams of his boyhood. He’s a man without purpose, reflecting on what could have been.
The theme-stated beat is the moment in the story where the theme or life lesson is first stated outright. This beat can linger in the background throughout the story or be a moment of realization for the protagonist.
In either case, this beat is essential because it helps to establish the story’s overall purpose and direction. Without a theme-stated beat, a story can feel aimless and directionless.
In Rocky, this moment is shown when Rocky confronts his trainer, Mickey, about losing his locker at the boxing gym. This is the one place where Rocky feels most himself, but he loses what little respect he’s had till now.
Mickey puts into words the theme or life lesson – Rocky has heart but no real skills, and his best days are behind him. Everyone underestimates him, even the one person whose approval he wants the most. Worst of all, Rocky doesn’t believe in himself.
The Catalyst is the key event in the plot structure that sets the story in motion. It’s the inciting incident that gets the Protagonist off their butt and forces them to take action.
In some stories, a Catalyst is a physical event, like a ship sinking or a house burning down. In others, it’s an emotional event, like a character receiving devastating news or hitting rock bottom.
Regardless of its nature, the Catalyst must be clear and impactful enough to convince the Protagonist that they must take action in their own life.
This can often be the most challenging beat for writers to nail, but it’s essential for moving the story. Once you’ve figured out your Catalyst, the rest of the story will start to fall into place.
When most people think of Rocky, they think this moment occurs when he’s offered a big fight, but in reality, it’s much more subtle than that.
This is a story about love and redemption, and the catalyst for Rocky’s redemption is Adrian, his best friend Paulie’s shy sister (and his love interest), and the one person who sees through his tough-guy persona to the gentle and caring soul he truly is inside. This moment is the first glimpse of how Rocky might turn his life around if he has the one thing missing – love.
The Debate beat is all about opposing viewpoints. This is where the heroes and villains go head-to-head, each trying to convince the other (or others) of their point of view.
For the Debate beat to be effective, it needs to focus on an issue central to the story. The Debate can occur between two characters, or it can be a more general discussion between multiple parties.
Regardless of the format, the Debate should be engaging and generate enough tension to keep readers hooked. By its nature, the Debate beat is often antagonistic, but it can also be used to create comedic or light-hearted moments.
In the end, the Debate beat is a powerful tool for driving the plot forward and revealing important information about the characters.
In Rocky, this beat is shown through Rocky’s job as an enforcer for Gazzo, a local loan shark and mobster. Outwardly, Rocky fits the mold of a leg-breaker, as he’s tough and menacing. But we see that he’s also compassionate and reluctant to hurt others, which puts him directly at odds with this world.
Break Into Two is the crucial moment the protagonist commits to the journey ahead. This is often when they “save the cat” – that is, do something to endear themselves to the audience.
To make this moment truly effective, it’s essential to set up the situation so that the protagonist has a clear choice to make.
- What will they risk if they venture forth?
- What might they lose if they stay behind?
By raising the stakes in this way, you can create a decisive moment of conflict that will leave your audience on the edge of their seats.
For Rocky, this moment occurs when he finally tries asking Adrian out on a date. He’s admired her from afar to this point and even flirted awkwardly with her, but he’s clearly never taken it further than that. And though she refuses, we can see that they both want to, which makes us root for them to find love all the more.
They are two flawed people who can be whole together, but for that to happen, Rocky must take the leap and try.
In every great story, at least two parallel plots unfold simultaneously. There’s the A story, which is the main plot, and then there’s the B story, which is a subplot that runs alongside the A story.
It is often used to add layers of depth and conflict to the main plot. In Save The Cat, the B story is known as the “obstacle beat.” This is when the protagonist encounters an obstacle that stands in the way of achieving their goal.
The B story beat can create tension and drama in a script and can also be used to resolve the conflict between characters. It should also support the A story and not be independent.
In Rocky, the A Story is Rocky’s quest for personal redemption through the boxing ring, and the B Story is the love story between Rocky and Adrian. The two are interlinked and support each other, as we quickly see that without Adrian’s love and support, Rocky would lack the confidence and drive to keep pursuing his primary goal.
The Promise of the Premise (also called Fun and Games) is an essential beat in the Save The Cat framework, and it’s all about showing how the protagonist’s decision to move forward affects their world. In this beat, we see the protagonist thrive in some respect, where things finally start going their way. We also get a glimpse of the conflict that they’ll be facing.
The Promise of the Premise is about getting the audience invested in the story, so they’ll be eager to see how it plays out. It’s a crucial beat in any screenplay, and one that should be given careful thought and attention. With a strong Promise of the Premise, you can hook your audience and make them feel invested as the stakes rise and we grow closer to the hero.
In Rocky, this beat is shown in several ways – with Rocky and Adrian going on their first date and quickly discovering their burgeoning love, and with Rocky’s relationship with Paulie, as well as his interaction with Marie, a local 12-year-old he tries to protect from the same influences that led him astray as a child.
It is also where we first meet Apollo Creed, the brash Heavyweight Champion of the World, who selects Rocky as his next opponent for little more than as a sideshow to fill seats.
The Midpoint beat is a crucial turning point in the story. It’s the moment when the protagonist realizes that the old way of doing things isn’t going to work anymore. The hero realizes that they have to change their approach if they’re going to succeed.
This new understanding usually comes at a time of great hardship or setbacks. The Midpoint beat is often used to introduce a new character or plot twist that will change the course of the story. It’s a key moment in the protagonist’s life that should be crafted carefully.
In Rocky, this is the moment where Rocky is offered a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to fight Apollo Creed in an exhibition match. It’s a turning point, not only in the story but in Rocky’s life. It’s so daunting, in fact, that Rocky initially refuses because he doesn’t yet believe in himself, but to everyone’s surprise, he accepts the challenge nonetheless.
Bad Guys Close In is the tenth beat of the Save The Cat framework, and it’s when our protagonist faces their most difficult challenge yet.
All the conflicts and challenges built up throughout the story come to a head, and it seems like there’s no way out.
Our protagonist is pushed to their limits and must find a way to overcome the odds. This is usually when they discover their true strength and resolve. Bad Guys Close In is the make-or-break moment of the story, making or breaking our protagonist.
In Rocky, we see how accepting the big fight upends Rocky’s life and how unprepared he is for the match or the attention it brings. He tries training alone but quickly discovers he lacks the knowledge and skills. At the same time, he finds himself treated like a sideshow act – a novelty no one believes in, but everyone wants to exploit.
And when Mickey shows up, hat in hand, to ask for a chance to train him, Rocky refuses at first, channeling all his frustration and anger of being ignored and ridiculed for all the years leading up to this. But in a moment of clarity and compassion, he accepts Mickey’s offer and welcomes the support of the father figure he’s needed all along.
All is Lost is the beat where the hero has lost all hope. All seems lost, and there’s no way out. The All is Lost beat is often found just before the story’s climax. It is the point where the hero hits rock bottom and must either give up or find a way to go on.
The All is Lost beat can be a powerful moment in a story, providing both tension and hope. It’s a moment where the hero must choose to either give up or fight on, and it’s often this choice that defines the rest of the story.
For Rocky, this moment occurs when he visits Madison Square Garden, the fight venue, on the eve before the big event. Filled with awe and fear, the promoter quickly reminds him that he’s only there to put on a show.
In the end, he understands that no one actually believes he has a chance, and despite his heart and the hard work he’s put into training, he’ll never have the skills to beat the champ.
This is the theme restated. It’s also a painful reality check after all his sacrifice thus far and makes him question if it was all for nothing.
The Dark Night of the Soul is a crucial beat in the Save The Cat framework. It’s the moment after hitting rock bottom when the protagonist questions everything they’ve gone through thus far. They’re at their lowest point and have to decide: give up or keep going.
This is often the turning point in the story when the protagonist discovers some inner truth about themselves and discovers at last what they need rather than what they thought they wanted all along. The Dark Night of the Soul is a tough beat, but it’s essential for creating a compelling story.
In Rocky, we see this moment occur when he returns from the arena before the fight, dejected and broken, to open up to Adrian that he knows he can’t beat Apollo. But in a moment of honest self-reflection, he discovers what he really needs – to go the distance.
No one has ever lasted a full fight with Apollo, and only an act of true bravery and heart would allow a lesser fighter to do so. If he can do that, he’ll finally be more than the bum he’s been his whole life and will finally discover his true self-worth.
The Break Into Three beat is the moment when the protagonist finally chooses to face the main conflict head-on. This is often the result of a rallying speech or an “epiphany” moment when the character realizes they have more to lose by inaction than by taking risks.
The Break Into Three beat marks the story’s turning point, after which there is no going back. The stakes are high, and the characters must give everything they have to overcome the odds and achieve their goal.
This is the story’s heartbeat, making readers turn the page eagerly to see how it will all turn out.
In Rocky, this is just before the fight, where both fighters are making their final preparations. All the training and sacrifice have led to this moment, and though Rocky is scared to death, he has the one thing he’s lacked his whole life – the love and support of the two people who mean the most to him – Adrian and Mickey.
He’s all in, because win or lose, he’s finally got something worth fighting for.
The Finale (also known as the Showdown or Climax) is the climactic beat in the three-act structure of a story. It is the most exciting part of the story, where the hero decides to face off against the antagonist in a final battle. The stakes are high, and the hero may face seemingly impossible odds.
The Finale is the story’s climax, and everything leads up to this moment. Depending on whether the story is a comedy (happy ending) or a tragedy (sad ending), this is either when the protagonist defeats the antagonist and saves the day or when the hero fails and the antagonist wins.
Either way, the hero has discovered some inner truth about themselves and gives it their all, secure in the knowledge that they are a better person for taking on the journey in the first place. They have either bettered themselves or the world around them through the struggle.
As expected, this beat is the big fight between Rocky and Apollo in Rocky. Though everyone underestimates him, Rocky gives Apollo the fight of his life. No matter how much punishment he takes, Rocky just keeps coming, and he even floors Apollo for the first time in his career. As the fight drags on, Rocky even wins the respect of the crowd, something that he only dreamed of before.
At the pinnacle of the match, Apollo knocks Rocky down for what looks to be the final time, but he does the one thing he’s promised himself, and no one can believe – he gets back up to finish the fight on his feet. He’s lived up to his promise – he’s finally somebody.
The Final Image beat is the culmination of the story. It’s the moment when the protagonist finally achieves their inner goal, and whether they defeat the antagonist or not, they have learned the story’s lessons and come out better for it.
This beat is often used to bring closure to the story and to provide a sense of resolution for the characters. The Final Image beat can be a powerful way to end a story on a high note, even in a tragedy. When used correctly, it can leave readers feeling satisfied and hopeful for the future.
In Rocky, the final image is a lover’s embrace between Rocky and Adrian amongst the chaos of the post-fight ring.
As the scorecards are read, the world around them fades, and we realize that the final decision is meaningless compared to the true victory Rocky has already achieved. He’s proved his worth to the world and himself and found the love of his life in the process. What could be better than that?
How long should a beat sheet be? That’s a tricky question. Blake Snyder’s “Save the Cat” framework is excellent for structuring a screenplay, but it’s not easy to say how many pages each section should be. It all depends on the story you’re trying to tell. That said, a good rule of thumb for page count is that each beat should be one page long. So if you’re writing a 120-page count screenplay, your beat sheet should be around 12 pages. Of course, this isn’t an exact science, and some beats will be longer or shorter than others. But if you stick to the one-page rule, you’ll be in good shape.
The Save the Cat method is a screenwriting framework created by Blake Snyder. It is designed to help writers structure their stories effectively and entertainingly. The framework is named after the trope of the “hero saving the day,” which is often used in movies to create a feel-good ending. However, the Save the Cat method is not just about writing a happy ending. It is about creating a story that will engage and entertain audiences from beginning to end. The Save the Cat method can be broken down into 15 beats or steps, designed to take the reader on an emotionally satisfying and structurally sound journey.
The “B story” is a secondary plotline that runs parallel to the main story. In Blake Snyder’s Save the Cat beat sheet framework, the B story adds depth and dimension to the central conflict. For example, if the main story is about a protagonist trying to save his marriage, the B story could be about his struggles at work. The author creates a more well-rounded and compelling tale by weaving these two plotlines together. While the B story may not be as action-packed or fast-paced as the main story, it should still be interesting and vital to the overall narrative arc.
A treatment is a more in-depth, extended version of a beat sheet. It includes all the necessary plot points that should be hit but also details the characters, setting, and events. A good treatment will give the reader a clear sense of the story and what to expect. By contrast, a beat sheet is a shorter, more concise version of a film treatment. It hits all the same plot points but in a less detailed way. This can be helpful for writers who want to focus on the overall structure of their story without getting bogged down in the details. Regardless of your chosen approach, Snyder’s framework is valuable for planning and writing a successful screenplay.
Blake Snyder’s Save The Cat Beat Sheet is a popular screenplay framework, and screenwriters often use it to outline their stories. The framework is based on 15 “beats” or key scenes that should be included in a screenplay. These beats help the story flow smoothly and keep the audience engaged. While there is some flexibility in how many beats are actually included in a screenplay, most writers aim for around 10-15. This gives the story enough structure to keep the audience invested but also allows for some creative freedom. However, this is just a general guideline, and some scripts may have more or fewer beats.
Blake Snyder’s Save The Cat Beat Sheet framework can be a lifesaver for anyone who has struggled to outline a story. Simply put, a beat sheet is a tool for mapping out a story’s key beats or events. By breaking down the story into its component parts, it becomes much easier to see where the pacing needs to improve, where the conflict needs to ramp up, and so on. A good beat sheet can be used for any type of story, from novels to screenplays to stage plays. And once you get the hang of creating them, they can be an invaluable tool for helping you to craft a well-structured and compelling tale.
Blake Snyder’s Save The Cat is a popular screenwriting framework that can be used for short films and features. The key to writing a beat sheet for a short film is to focus on the key beats that will move the story forward. These key beats should be clearly defined and easy to follow. For example, you might have a beat for introducing the characters, another for the inciting incident, and another for the climax. Focusing on these critical beats ensures that your short film remains engaging and captivating from beginning to end.
Blake Snyder’s Save The Cat Beat Sheet is an excellent framework for short films. One of the main hallmarks of a short film is its short length, so it’s essential to ensure that the story is tightly focused. The beat sheet helps to ensure this by breaking the story down into beats or key scenes. A short film should have about 10-15 beats, giving the audience enough time to get invested in the story without becoming bored or frustrated. By following the beat sheet framework, filmmakers can be confident that their short film will have a tight, well-paced story that will keep audiences engaged from beginning to end.
The Save the Cat beat sheet is a great way to help you understand the basics of story structure. It can be used as a guide when writing scripts, screenplays, or even analyzing films.
By understanding the beats that make up a story, you can better appreciate why some films work and others don’t.
We hope you found this post helpful and inspired you to take a closer look at the structure of your favorite films or helped you write your own fantastic movie!
Interested in screenwriting? Check out these other helpful articles!
Last Updated on February 5, 2023 by Neil Chase
I’m Neil Chase, and I’m a story and writing coach, award-winning screenwriter, and author of the horror-western novel, Iron Dogs.
I believe that all writers have the potential to create great work. My passion is helping writers find their voice and develop their skills so that they can create stories that are entertaining and meaningful. If you’re ready to take your writing to the next level, I’m here to help!